Basic Radio Operation

  • Hold the radio or microphone close to the mouth.
  • Keep portable radio antenna vertical.
  • To achieve the best range, operate from the highest point possible.
  • Push transmit button BEFORE speaking!
  • Don’t cut in on other transmissions.
  • All users transmit and receive on the same channel, and must therefore take turns to speak.
  • If two people send at once, neither station will be heard.
  • Use allocated call signs.
  • When making the initial contact, first mention the call sign of the station you are trying to contact, and then identify yourself.
  • OVER” must be used during all ongoing messages to indicate a break in transmission.
  • Use the Phonetic Alphabet for Letters and Call Signs.
  • Figures are sent digit by digit.
  • If your communications are scratchy, move a small distance. A couple of meters could make a big difference.
  • Finish the conversation with the word “OUT“.
  • Speak clearly.
CALLING STATIONMESSAGECOMMENT
ROMEO 1"MIKE ONE THREE, THIS IS ROMEO ONE, OVER"Making contact with M13
MIKE 13"MIKE ONE THREE, SEND "Transmit your message
ROMEO 1"Are the cyclists there yet? OVER"Question
MIKE 13"Affirmative, OVER"Answer
ROMEO 1"Thank You, OUT"Transmission ended!
  • NOTE: SEND has the same meaning as OVER, and means that you have permission to transmit your message.
  • Emergency messages are preceded by the proword PRIORITY, e.g. ”SWEEP EIGHT FIVE, PRIORITY
  • Listening carefully is as important as talking properly!

Remember: Always put Brain into gear before engaging Mouth!

INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET

LETTERWORDPRONOUNCIATION
AALPHA(AL FAH)
BBRAVO (BRAH VOH)
CCHARLIE(CHAR LEE)
DDELTA (DELL TAH)
EECHO (ECK OH)
FFOXTROT(FOKS TROT)
GGOLF (GOLF)
HHOTEL (HOH TELL)
IINDIA (IN DEE AH)
JJULIET (JEW LEE ETT)
KKILO (KEY LOH)
LLIMA (LEE MAH)
MMIKE (MIKE)
NNOVEMBER(NO VEM BER)
OOSCAR(OSS CAH)
PPAPA (PAH PAH)
QQUEBEC (KEH BECK)
RROMEO (ROW ME OH)
SSIERRA(SEE AIR RAH)
TTANGO(TANG GO)
UUNIFORM(YOU NEE FORM)
VVICTOR(VIK TAH)
WWHISKEY (WISS KEY)
XX-RAY(ECKS RAY)
YYANKEE(YANG KEY)
ZZULU(ZOO LOO)
 

FIGURES

NUMBERPRONUNCIATIONNUMBERPRONUNCIATION
1WUN6SIX
2TOO7SEV-EN
3TREE8AIT
4FOW-ER9NIN-ER
5FIFE0ZE-RO

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